Example of C if statement

This is an example C program illustrating the if and else statements.

#include <stdio.h>

int main ()
{
    int i;

    /* This is always true. */
    if (1) {
        printf ("This should be printed.\n");
    }
    /* This is never true. */
    if (0) {
        printf ("Something has happened to your computer.\n");
    }
    /* We can also have "else". */
    if (0) {
        printf ("This should not be printed.\n");
    }
    else {
        printf ("This is the 'else' branch.\n");
    }

    i = 1;

    /* One can leave off the { and } if there is only one
       statement. */

    if (i == 1) 
        printf ("This is a branch without the braces { and }.\n");

    /* Can you spot the deliberate mistake? */

    if (i = 100)
        printf ("Beware of equals signs in if statements.\n");

    return 0;
}

(download)

The output of the example looks like this:

This should be printed.
This is the 'else' branch.
This is a branch without the braces { and }.
Beware of equals signs in if statements.


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