A file server with sorted directory listing in Go

This is an example Go program demonstrating a file server using the net/http package with a sorted listing of files.

package main

import (

// We define a type "fit" and the methods "Len", "Swap" and "Less" on
// it so that we can sort a slice of files.

type fit []os.FileInfo

func (fi fit) Len() int {
        return len(fi)

func (fi fit) Swap(i, j int) {
        fi[i], fi[j] = fi[j], fi[i]

func (fi fit) Less(i, j int) bool {
        return strings.ToLower(fi[i].Name()) < strings.ToLower(fi[j].Name())

type sortedFile struct {
        // We use "of" for Close, Read, Stat, and Seek methods.
        of http.File
        // The list of files.
        fi fit
        // Index for Readdir.
        n int
        // The total number of files in this directory.
        total int
        // Has this structure been initialized yet?
        init bool

func (f sortedFile) Close() error {
        return f.of.Close()

func (f sortedFile) Read(p []byte) (n int, err error) {
        return f.of.Read(p)

func (f sortedFile) Seek(offset int64, whence int) (int64, error) {
        return f.of.Seek(offset, whence)

func (f sortedFile) Stat() (os.FileInfo, error) {
        return f.of.Stat()

// Substitute Readdir with a sorted version.

func (f sortedFile) Readdir(n int) (fi []os.FileInfo, err error) {
        if !f.init {
                var err error
                f.fi, err = f.of.Readdir(-1)
                if err != nil {
                        return fi, err
                f.init = true
                f.total = len(f.fi)
        max := f.n + n
        if n == -1 || max > f.total {
                max = f.total
        fi = f.fi[f.n:max]
        f.n += n
        return fi, nil

// Our replacement for http.Dir. The only method we need is actually
// Open, below.

type sortedDir struct {
        d http.Dir

// Substitute for Open.

func (f sortedDir) Open(name string) (http.File, error) {
        var s sortedFile
        var err error
        s.of, err = f.d.Open(name)
        if err != nil {
                return nil, err
        return http.File(s), nil

func main() {
        // The directory to serve.
        var dir = "/usr/local/www/data"
        var d = sortedDir{d: http.Dir(dir)}
        fileserver := http.FileServer(d)
        http.HandleFunc("/", fileserver.ServeHTTP)
        log.Fatal(http.ListenAndServe(":8020", nil))


To compile this program, use

go build sfs.go

To run it, use


and go to http://localhost:8020 in your browser.

Web links

Copyright © Ben Bullock 2009-2018. All rights reserved. For comments, questions, and corrections, please email Ben Bullock (benkasminbullock@gmail.com) or use the discussion group at Google Groups. / Privacy / Disclaimer